Elaeagnus

Family:
Elaeagnaceae
Origin:
Possibly Japan

General description

Dense, scrambling, evergreen perennial shrub. Stems are < 20 m long, brown and scaly when young and often spiny when mature. Leaves are oval and < 9 cm long, with wavy margins and sliver/brown scaly undersides. Flowers are small, pale white/brown and borne in clusters in autumn. Fruit is oblong, pale red/orange, < 18 x 10 mm and ripens in winter.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell elaeagnus within the Auckland region.
  • You must not plant elaeagnus within the Auckland region, unless you are transferring an existing plant on your land to another location within the boundaries of the same property.
  • You must destroy any elaeagnus on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Regenerating forest, forest margins, roadsides, hedgerows, cliffs, semi-open disturbed habitats.

Seeds dispersed by birds and mammals. Vegetative spread from fragments, stem layering and root suckers. Human-mediated dispersal through dumping of garden waste, soil movement and deliberate planting.

Forms dense thickets that smother vegetation. May impede recreational access to natural areas.

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Dig out

Plant parts requiring disposal: All parts

Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill

Biocontrol

Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

No qualifications
Cut stump and paste freshly cut base of stems with metsulfuron gel

Basic Growsafe certified
Cut stump and spray freshly cut base with 1g metsulfuron-methyl per 1 L of water
Remove cut stems to greenwaste or landfill or stack in a pile and spray

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user
On small plants, regrowth and stacked piles:
Foliar spray with 5g metsulfuron-methyl per 10L of water and 20ml penetrant

Safety notes

Plant has thorns.

CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

RPMP status


Whole region (Sustained Control)
Hauraki Gulf Controlled Area Notice pest
Elaeagnus - Main species image