Montpellier Broom

Family:
Fabaceae
Origin:
Europe

General description

Erect, multi-stemmed, evergreen, perennial shrub < 3 m tall. Stems are ridged, green and hairy when young. Leaves are trifoliate, narrow, oval and hairy. Flowers are yellow, pea-like and borne in clusters in May – November. Seed pods are brown/black and hairy.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell Montpellier broom within the Auckland region.
  • You must not plant Montpellier broom within the Auckland region, unless you are transferring an existing plant on your land to another location within the boundaries of the same property.
  • You must destroy any Montpellier broom on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Grasslands, shrublands, open forest, forest margins, riparian areas, disturbed areas, roadsides, pastures, plantations, wastelands.

Seeds dispersed by explosive dehiscence and contaminated soil on animals. Human-mediated dispersal through dumping of garden waste and contamination of machinery and vehicles.

Forms dense thickets, outcompeting native vegetation and altering species composition. Facilitates invasive animals and weeds. Nitrogen fixer. Reduces pasture grazing capacity and impedes stock movement. Poisonous to stock. Reduces plantation productivity.

Site Management

Minimise creating soil disturbance where seeds can germinate and re-establish. Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Dig out

Plant parts requiring disposal: Seeds

Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill if practical

Biocontrol

Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

No qualifications
Cut stump and paste freshly cut base of stems with metsulfuron gel

Basic Growsafe certified
Cut stump and spray freshly cut base with 5g metsulfuron-methyl per 1 L of water

CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Similar species

wild broom
Cytisus scoparius

Wild broom has larger flowers which are usually solitary on a stem. It appears to have less leaves than Montpellier broom and its branchlets are glabrous in comparison to soft fine hairs present on Montpellier broom.

spiny broom
Calicotome spinosa

Spiny broom has large spines scattered across the branches. Flowers are usually solitary rather than in clusters.

Search tags

RPMP status


Whole region (Sustained Control)
Hauraki Gulf Controlled Area Notice pest
Montpellier broom - Main species image