Velvet Leaf


General description

Erect annual herb < 2.5 m tall. Stems are hairy and much branched in upper section. Leaves are large, alternate, heart-shaped, hairy and soft. Flowers are yellow and borne in January – February. Seed pods are borne in cup-shaped circular clusters.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell velvet leaf. As velvet leaf is an Unwanted Organism, these restrictions apply within the Auckland region and across the whole of New Zealand.

Crops, gardens, wasteland, fence lines, roadsides.

Seeds dispersed by gravity. Human-mediated dispersal through movement of contaminated soil, crop seeds, crops, farming machinery and feed grain.

Reduces crop yield. Allelopathic.

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Other herbicides are available for selective use in pasture and crops. Contact Auckland Council for more information.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Dig or pull out

Plant parts requiring disposal: Seeds

Disposal options: Cover seeds with a bag before pulling out to contain seeds or remove to landfill


Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

Basic Growsafe certified
Foliar spray with 100ml glyphosate green per 10L of water

CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

RPMP status

Unwanted Organism
Velvet leaf - Main species image