Large shrub or tree < 15 m tall. Stems are upright with rough bark. Leaves are narrow, elliptic, < 15 x 2.5 cm, toothed when young and entire when mature, with a dark green top and white underside. Flowers are pale yellow/green and borne in broadly cylindrical, erect inflorescences. Fruiting cone is woody, persistent on tree, has several hard and woody valves and contains black seeds.
To help protect our environment:
Lowland and coastal sites, roadside banks, dry and open forest, forest margins, pasture, scrubland, wasteland, sandy soils.
Seeds dispersed by wind.
Shades out existing vegetation and transforms habitat.
Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.
CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.