Evergreen shrub < 5 m tall. Stems are tough, woody, densely hairy, and bear five-pronged needle-sharp spines. Leaves are < 30 x 15 cm, hairless, glossy, dark green and spiny-edged. Flowers are golden/yellow and hang in clusters July – February. Berries are oval and purple/black.
To help protect our environment:
Disturbed forest, scrubland, wasteland.
Seeds dispersed by birds, soil movement, water and possibly possums. Vegetative spread from root suckering.
Outcompetes native plants in disturbed forest and scrubland, altering the understorey. May impact the horticultural industry as a host of various plant pathogens.
Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.
CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.