Deciduous climber < 12 m tall or sprawling along the ground. Stems are < 14 cm in diameter and green with sharp spines when young, maturing to grey brown. Leaves are serrated, < 10 cm long and turn yellow prior to senescence in autumn. Flowers are small, pale green and borne in clusters in spring. Fruit is a three-sectioned capsule, yellow/orange when mature and contains brown seeds with red arils.
To help protect our environment:
Disturbed forest and shrubland, forest margins, roadsides, intact forest.
Seeds dispersed by birds and mammals. Vegetative spread from root suckers. Human-mediated dispersal through dumping of garden waste, movement of contaminated soil and deliberate plantings.
Smothers native vegetation, causing canopy collapse and suppressing native seedling recruitment. May overtop plantation trees and impede recreational access to natural areas.
Do not attempt to undertake control of this species. Please report to Auckland Council.
CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.