Dense, deciduous shrub or small tree < 14 m tall. Stems are thorny. Leaves are deeply lobed and toothed. Flowers are small, white and borne in corymbs in spring. Fruit is dark red and borne in summer – autumn.
To help protect our environment:
Forest margins, scrub, disturbed forest, roadsides, pasture, coastal and lowland areas.
Seeds dispersed by birds and possums.
Forms dense thickets, excluding native vegetation. Provides food resource to exotic birds and mammals. Root intrusion on tūpuna maunga affects threatened plants and archaeological features.
Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.
CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.