Large perennial shrubs or small trees. Stems are densely hairy in some species. Leaves are rigid and spiny or soft and flattened. Flowers are small, white/yellow and borne in clusters. Seeds are winged and black.
To help protect our environment, from 1 September 2021, you:
Low forest, scrub, coastal habitats, disturbed sites, forest margins, gumland.
Seeds dispersed by wind.
Dominant competitor in open sites with low fertility soil. Alters moisture regimes and vegetation succession and contributes to the local extinction of rare native ferns, orchids and shrubs. Increases fire risk.
Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.
CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.