Semi-evergreen perennial shrub < 1.5 m tall. Stems are slender and semi-woody. Leaves are < 15 x 8 cm, ovate or elliptic, hairless and opposite. Flowers are yellow with green sepals and borne in November – February. Fruits are green berries that ripen to black.
To help protect our environment:
Forest, woodland, forest margins, riparian areas, roadsides, regenerating scrub, pasture.
Seeds dispersed by birds, water, wind and possibly possums. Human-mediated dispersal through contaminated vehicle and soil movement and dumping of garden waste.
Forms dense stands, excluding native vegetation and suppressing seedling recruitment. May affect habitat availability and food resources for native and exotic fauna. Reduces pasture and plantation productivity, causes photosensitisation and dermatitis in livestock.
Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.
CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.