Vigorous perennial climbing vine. Stems are branched, angled, < 10 m long, < 2 cm in diameter and woody at the base, with hook-like branch tips. Leaves are complete, oval and < 12 x 5 cm. Flowers are large, fragrant, bell-shaped, green turning to purple, and borne in December – May. Fruit is hard, oval and green, and contained winged seeds.
To help protect our environment:
Scrub, forest, riparian habitats, roadsides, shelterbelts, hedgerows, orchards, disturbed areas, coastal cliffs.
Seeds dispersed by wind, water and soil movement. Vegetative spread from stem fragments. Human-mediated dispersal through dumping of garden waste.
Smothers trees and causes canopy collapse, or forms a dense groundcover mat suppressing native vegetation regeneration.
Cut and pull vines away from desirable trees and native plants before foliar spraying. Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.
CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.