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Also known as:
Smooth Nardoo, Australian Water Clover, Clover Fern
Australia, New Caledonia

General description

Perennial floating aquatic fern. Roots in soil and may detach and form a free-floating raft when mature. Fronds are smooth, four-lobed, clover-like, < 6 cm in diameter, two toned purple/green or green/light green and floating on water surface or held up on stalks. Petioles function as air bladders and inflate at the apex.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell nardoo within the Auckland region.
  • You must not plant nardoo within the Auckland region, unless you are transferring an existing plant on your land to another location within the boundaries of the same property.
  • You must destroy any nardoo on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Aquatic and damp habitats, wetlands, ponds, lake edges.

Vegetative spread from stem and rhizome fragments and free-floating rafts. May spread by spores.

Displaces native, bottom-rooted aquatic plants and competes with small native plants in wetlands and around lake edges.

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Mechanical removal or pull out

Plant parts requiring disposal: All parts

Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill if practical


Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user
Foliar spray emergent foliage with 100ml glyphosate green per 10L of water

CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

RPMP status

Whole region (Sustained Control)
Hauraki Gulf Controlled Area Notice pest
Nardoo - Main species image