Yellow Water Lily

Also known as:
Brandy Bottle
Family:
Nymphaeaceae
Origin:
Africa, Eurasia, North America, West Indies

General description

Perennial aquatic bottom-rooted herb. Rhizomes are large and stout. Leaves are ovate and < 30 cm long when floating on water surface, and thin and simple when beneath surface. Flowers have a strong alcohol smell and are yellow, < 6 cm in diameter and held above the water’s surface in spring – summer. Fruit is green and ripens in summer – autumn.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell yellow water lily. As yellow water lily is a National Pest Plant Accord species, these restrictions apply within the Auckland region and across the whole of New Zealand.
  • You must not plant yellow water lily within the Auckland region, unless you are transferring an existing plant on your land to another location within the boundaries of the same property.
  • You must destroy any yellow water lily on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Still or slow-moving water bodies < 2 m deep.

Seeds dispersed by water. Vegetative spread from rhizome fragments, dispersed by water. Human-mediated dispersal through movement of contaminated equipment and deliberate plantings.

Forms dense mats, suppressing submerged aquatic vegetation. Can alter faunal habitat structure and patterns of nutrient storage in sediment. May reduce dissolved oxygen levels.

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Dig out

Plant parts requiring disposal: All parts

Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill

Biocontrol

Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user
Foliar spray emergent foliage with 300ml glyphosate green per 10L of water

CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Similar species

water poppy
Hydrocleys nymphoides

Water poppy has much smaller floating leaves, has a distinctive enlarged mid vein, and lacks large rhizome.

marshwort
Nymphoides geminata

Marshwort has much smaller floating leaves, has fringed petals and lacks the large rhizome.

fringed water lily
Nymphoides peltata

Fringed water lily has much smaller floating leaves, has fringed petals and lacks the large rhizome.

Mexican water lily
Nymphaea mexicana

Mexican lily has a much rounder leaf and lacks the thick spongy rhizome.

Search tags

RPMP status


National Pest Plant Accord Species
Whole region (Sustained Control)
Yellow water lily - Main species image