Phoenix Palm

Canary Islands

General description

Stocky palm. Trunk is diamond-patterned from leaf scars. Leaf stalks have sharp spines. Leaves are large, segmented and held in terminal crown. Flowers are white/yellow and borne on a hanging stem in October – November. Berries are orange/yellow and borne on female plants in summer.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment:

  • You must not breed, distribute, release or sell phoenix palm within the Auckland region.
  • You must not plant phoenix palm within the Auckland region, unless you are transferring an existing plant on your land to another location within the boundaries of the same property.
  • You must destroy any phoenix palm on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Forest, coastal cliffs, sand dunes, saline wetlands, roadsides, volcanic cones.

Seeds dispersed by birds, gravity, water and possibly rats. Human-mediated dispersal through deliberate plantings.

Competitively excludes native vegetation. Facilitates invasive epiphytes and birds. Sharp spines on the leaves can cause severe injury.

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Dig out

Plant parts requiring disposal: Dig out seedlings with care to avoid any spines

Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill if practical


Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

No qualifications
Cut stump and paste freshly cut base of seedlings with double strength glyphosate gel

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user
Foliar spray seedlinsgs with 200ml glyphosate green per 10L of water and 20ml penetrant
Recommend all palms beyond seedling stage are controlled by a qualified arborist due to the severe injuries Phoenix palms can cause.

Safety notes

Sharp spine can piece through gloves and cause serious injuries.

CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Search tags

RPMP status

Parkland with Significant Ecological Areas (Site-led)
Whole region (Sustained Control)
Hauraki Gulf Controlled Area Notice pest
Phoenix palm - Main species image