Bamboo Species


General description

Tall, erect, perennial, rhizomatous grasses < 7 m tall that form dense thickets. Stems are smooth, hollow canes. Leaves are alternate.

What you need to know

To help protect our environment, from 1 September 2021, you:

  • will not be allowed to breed, distribute, release or sell bamboo species within the Auckland region.
  • will not be allowed to plant bamboo species within the Auckland region, unless you are transferring an existing plant on your land to another location within the boundaries of the same property.
  • must destroy any bamboo species on land that you occupy if it has been planted in breach of the above rules and you are directed to do so by an authorised person.

Forest and riparian margins, scrubland, wasteland, roadsides, gardens.

Vegetative spread from rhizomes. Human-mediated dispersal through dumping of garden waste.

Forms dense stands, excluding other plants. Reduces plant diversity and alters faunal assemblages. Can impede access to natural areas.

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Cut stems and dig out rhizomes

Plant parts requiring disposal: Rhizomes and roots

Disposal options: Can be chipped and used as mulch, stems can be recycled for use as stakes or remove to landfill


Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

No qualifications
For small infestations:
Cut stump and paste freshly cut base of stems with double strength glyphosate gel
Cut stump and spray freshly cut base of stems with 250ml glyphosate green per 1L of water
Cut stump and foliar spray regrowth with 150ml glyphosate green per 10L of water

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user
For infestations amongst desirable broadleaf species:
Cut stump and foliar spray regrowth with 150ml haloxyfop-P-methyl per 10L of water
For infestations amongst desirable species:
Cut stump and very carefully foliar spray regrowth with 150ml glyphosate green per 10L of water avoiding any spraying on desirable species foliage

CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Similar species

giant reed
Arundo donax

Giant reed has much softer canes and larger leaves.

Phragmites australis

Phragmites leaves attach directly to the stem rather than having stalks.

RPMP status

Whole region (Sustained Control)
Hauraki Gulf Controlled Area Notice pest
Bamboo species - Main species image