Shrub to medium sized tree. Mature cones persist on the tree. Seeds are winged.
To help protect our environment:
Open habitats, grassland, shrubland.
Seeds dispersed by wind.
Forms dense stands. Reduces species richness and facilitates non-native dominance of soil fungal communities. Affects light-demanding short-stature plants by altering vegetation structure from open habitat to forest.
Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.
CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.