Buffalo Grass

Africa, North and South America

General description

Dense, mat-forming perennial grass. Stolons are stout and creeping. Leaves are < 10 x 1.2 cm, flattened and alternate with rounded tips. Seed head is distinctively flattened with a row of seeds down each side.

What you need to know

Although buffalo grass is not a legally declared pest plant, it may still be invasive in some situations. Consider lower risk alternatives for your garden, such as native plants.

Coastal areas, dunes, riparian and forest margins, pasture, roadsides.

Seeds dispersed by wind, water and attachment to animal pelts. Vegetative spread from stolon fragments. Human-mediated dispersal through dumping of garden waste and movement of contaminated vehicles.

Smothers native vegetation and suppresses seedling recruitment.

Site Management

Follow up treated areas 3 times per year. Encourage natural regeneration of native plants or replant treated areas where possible after 2-3 treatments to establish dense ground cover and minimise reinvasion.

Recommended approaches

Physical control

Method: Dig out

Plant parts requiring disposal: Seeds

Disposal options: Remove to greenwaste or landfill if practical


Biocontrol is currently not available for this species.

Community agrichemical control recommendations

No qualifications
Foliar spray with 150ml glyphosate green per 10L of water

Certified Handler/Experienced agrichemical user
Foliar spray with 150ml glyphosate green per 10L of water and 20ml penetrant
For infestations amongst desirable broadleaf species:
Foliar spray with 60ml haloxyfop-P-methyl per 10L of water

CAUTION: When using any herbicide or pesticide please read the label thoroughly to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Similar species

Pennisetum clandestinum

Kikuyu flowers on rare occasions, and seeds are hidden by leaf sheaths.

RPMP status

Not a legally declared pest plant
Buffalo grass - Main species image