Social insects that build nests out of fibre. Vespula wasps have black and yellow heads and bodies. Paper wasps are tan-red (Polistes humilis) or black and yellow (P. chinensis), have thinner abdomens than Vespula wasps, and fly with their legs hanging down.
To help protect our environment:
Forest, shrubland, scrub, pasture, coastal areas, wetlands, urban areas.
Preys on range of invertebrates, competes with native birds and invertebrates for honeydew. Aggressive stinging behaviours pose risk to human health. Attacks livestock, farm and forestry workers, and robs beehives of honey.